AskDefine | Define examination

Dictionary Definition



1 the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes) [syn: scrutiny]
2 a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions" [syn: exam, test]
3 formal systematic questioning [syn: interrogation, interrogatory]
4 examination of conscience (as done daily by Jesuits) [syn: examen]
5 the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned [syn: testing]

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. A formal test involving answering written or oral questions with no access or limited access to text books etc.
  2. An inspection by a doctor or other medically qualified person to establish the extent and nature of any sickness or injury

Related terms


formal test
inspection by a doctor

Extensive Definition

To examine somebody or something is to inspect it closely; hence, an examination is a detailed inspection or analysis of an object or person.
In an academic or professional context, examinations (or exams for short) are tests which aim to determine the ability of a student or a prospective practitioner. Exams are usually written tests, although some may be practical or have practical components, and vary greatly in structure, content and difficulty depending on the subject, the age group of the tested persons and the profession. A person who passes an examination receives a diploma, a driving or professional licence, depending on the examination's objectives. A competitive examination is an examination where applicants compete for a limited number of positions, as opposed to merely having to reach a certain level to pass.
A comprehensive examination is a specific type of exam taken by graduate students, which may determine their eligibility to continue their studies.
In the UK an examination is usually supervised by an invigilator. The invigilator is responsible for the smooth running of the examination, and for ensuring that there is no cheating.

See also

examination in German: Prüfung
examination in French: Examen
examination in Japanese: 試験
examination in Russian: Экзамен
examination in Swedish: Examination
examination in Chinese: 考试

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Pap test, Socratic method, airing, analysis, anatomic diagnosis, appraisal, article, asking, assessment, assize, audition, biological diagnosis, biopsy, blue book, bringing into question, buzz session, canvassing, catechetical method, catechism, catechization, catechizing, causerie, challenge, change of venue, checkout, clinical diagnosis, colloquium, conference, consideration, contemplation, court-martial, cross-examination, cytodiagnosis, debate, debating, deliberation, descant, diagnosis, dialectic, dialogue, differential diagnosis, digital examination, discourse, discussion, dispute, disquisition, dissertation, electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, enquiry, essay, etude, exam, examen, exchange of views, excursus, exploration, exposition, eyeball inspection, feature, final, final examination, first approach, forum, going-over, great go, grilling, hearing, homily, honors, inquest, inquiring, inquiry, inquisition, inspection, interpellation, interrogation, introductory study, investigation, joint discussion, jury trial, laboratory diagnosis, logical analysis, logical discussion, lucubration, mammography, memoir, midsemester, midterm, mistrial, monograph, morceau, note, ocular inspection, open discussion, open forum, oral, oral examination, outline, overhaul, overhauling, overview, pandect, panel discussion, paper, paragraph, perlustration, perusal, physical diagnosis, physical examination, piece, postmortem diagnosis, prelim, preliminary study, probe, probing, prolegomenon, pumping, quality control, querying, questioning, quiz, quizzing, rap, rap session, research, research paper, review, run-through, scan, screed, scrutiny, search, seeking, seminar, serodiagnosis, sketch, smear, special article, study, survey, symposium, take-home examination, term paper, test, testing, the eye, theme, thesis, third degree, town meeting, tract, tractate, treatise, treatment, trial, trial by jury, tripos, urinalysis, uroscopy, ventilation, vetting, visitation, visual examination, viva, work-up, written, written examination
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